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AFFF Firefighting Foam Lawsuit

Our legal team is actively managing lawsuits nationwide related to AFFF firefighting foam.

This page offers the latest updates on the AFFF firefighting foam class action lawsuit and provides an estimation of potential settlement amounts for individuals involved in AFFF cancer lawsuits.

The Aqueous Film-Forming Foam (AFFF) is utilized in fire suppression and is commonly known as firefighting foam. Recent findings indicate that extended exposure to certain chemicals within AFFF firefighting foam could lead to cancer. Individuals who were consistently exposed to firefighting foam and subsequently diagnosed with kidney cancer, pancreatic cancer, prostate cancer, or testicular cancer may have grounds to file an AFFF firefighting foam lawsuit and pursue financial compensation.

All federal lawsuits regarding AFFF firefighting foam have been consolidated into a “class action” multidistrict litigation (MDL) in the District of South Carolina.


January 15, 2024: During the recent monthly counting period, the AFFF firefighting foam class action MDL registered an increase of 88 new cases. AFFF stands out as the only mass tort MDL to undergo a significant surge in new cases during the holiday season. The total number of pending cases in the MDL has now reached 6,715.

AFFF Linked to Cancer

AFFF, known as aqueous film-forming foam, is a type of foam designed for combatting high-intensity fires often fueled by substances like gasoline. The active components in AFFF firefighting foam belong to the PFAS group (poly-fluoroalkyl substances).

PFAS chemicals possess an exceptional resistance to extreme heat and remain unaffected by oil or water breakdown. However, this resilience also means PFAS do not naturally decompose, persisting in the environment and easily spreading through soil, contaminating groundwater and water bodies. This enduring quality has earned PFAS the label of “forever chemicals.”

Scientific research conducted over the past decade has revealed that prolonged exposure to PFAS in firefighting foam may lead to specific cancer types. In 2016, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published a health advisory citing animal studies indicating a link between extended PFAS exposure and kidney and testicular cancer.

Studies by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) have demonstrated that human exposure to PFAS significantly heightens the risk of kidney, prostate, and testicular cancer. Both the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American Cancer Society have concurred, classifying the chemicals present in AFFF firefighting foam as human carcinogens.

Occupational Exposure to AFFF

Individuals engaged in specific occupations or professions that involved regular utilization of AFFF firefighting foam, whether by themselves directly or by their colleagues, are deemed to have undergone “occupational exposure” to PFAS from the firefighting foam. Foremost among these are firefighters who frequently employed AFFF or conducted training sessions involving AFFF firefighting foam.

Other instances of occupational exposure to AFFF firefighting foam encompass individuals who worked in settings where AFFF was used, manufactured, or disposed of. For instance, AFFF was frequently utilized during training sessions at commercial airports, military bases, and industrial facilities. Employees or workers at these sites might have experienced PFAS exposure through indirect contact.

Cancers Linked to AFFF Exposure

Scientific studies have established that prolonged exposure to AFFF firefighting foam, whether through occupational contact or groundwater contamination, can lead to elevated incidences of certain types of cancer. These cancers associated with AFFF exposure include:

  • Kidney cancer
  • Bladder cancer
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Testicular cancer
  • Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
  • Liver Cancer
  • Breast Cancer
  • Leukemia (and other blood cancers)
  • Prostate cancer

People who can demonstrate exposure to chemicals present in AFFF firefighting foam and subsequently developed one of these cancer types might have grounds to file an AFFF lawsuit seeking financial compensation.

Defendants in AFFF Lawsuits

The defendants named in AFFF firefighting foam lawsuits are companies responsible for manufacturing and selling AFFF products. Various companies were involved in producing firefighting foam, with DuPont and 3M being among the major manufacturers and key defendants in the ongoing AFFF litigations.

Evidence has surfaced indicating that as early as the 1970s, manufacturers like 3M, DuPont, and others were well aware of the potential environmental toxicity of the PFAS in their AFFF products. Furthermore, by the 1990s, these companies became cognizant that these chemicals posed harm to humans and could potentially be linked to cancer through long-term exposure.

Settlement Value of AFFF Lawsuits

The resolution of the AFFF firefighting foam lawsuits is expected to occur through a mass tort global settlement. Typically, in such settlements, the defendants contribute a substantial amount to a settlement fund, which is then allocated to individual plaintiffs who opt to accept the settlement.

The compensation for individual plaintiffs is determined by a tiered ranking system. Those with stronger and more compelling AFFF cancer cases are placed in the top tier and receive higher settlement awards. Plaintiffs with less compelling cases are placed in lower tiers and receive comparatively lower compensation.

In the AFFF lawsuits, the top settlement tier is likely to include plaintiffs with extensive occupational exposure to AFFF and diagnosed with the more severe types of cancer linked to AFFF, such as kidney or pancreatic cancer. Plaintiffs in lower settlement tiers might encompass individuals with lesser occupational exposure or diagnoses of less severe forms of cancer associated with AFFF.

Drawing from previous mass tort cases involving cancer, our legal team estimates that AFFF firefighting foam cases in the top settlement tier may have a value ranging between $300,000 to $600,000. Cases in the second tier are anticipated to have an estimated value between $150,000 to $280,000. Third-tier cases might result in settlement payouts of $75,000 or less.

Who is Eligible to File an AFFF Lawsuit?

Our mass tort attorneys are actively pursuing AFFF firefighting foam lawsuits nationwide, focusing on individuals who meet two primary criteria:

AFFF Exposure: Eligible plaintiffs must demonstrate regular exposure to PFAS from AFFF firefighting foam either through their occupation (e.g., firefighters, airport workers, etc.) or exposure to contaminated groundwater.

Cancer Diagnosis: Plaintiffs who were exposed to AFFF for prolonged periods need to provide evidence of being diagnosed with one of the cancers associated with PFAS exposure, such as kidney, testicular, prostate, pancreatic, liver, bladder, ovarian, etc.

Hire a Lawyer

We are currently accepting new AFFF firefighting foam cases in all 50 states. Contact our AFFF class actions lawyers today to get your case started.